Чем отличаются стандарты систем менеджмента (MSS) типа А от типа В?

Тип А MSS содержит требования, на основании которых организация может требовать соответствия, тогда как на основании стандартов типа В соответствие делать нельзя.

Как следствие рекомендации или вспомогательную информацию следует находить только в MSS типа В. Некоторые стандарты MSS могут не содержать рекомендаций, поскольку они содержат требования, которые будут относиться к MSS типа A.Некоторые стандарты MSS могут не содержать рекомендаций, поскольку они содержат требования, которые будут относиться к MSS типа A. Обычно стандарты типа B MSS (например, ISO 50004) содержат руководство о применении типа А MSS (например, ISO 50001). Однако некоторые стандарты типа В MSS являются независимыми (например, ISO 19600).

Стандарты систем менеджмента (MS) поддерживают функции руководства и управления на всех уровнях. Они разработаны таким образом, чтобы их можно было широко применять в различных секторах экономики (или, в случае определенных стандартов, в конкретных отраслях), в организациях различного типа и размера, а также с учетом различных географических, культурных и социальных условий. Данные стандарты могут рассматриваться в качестве основополагающих документов для обеспечения эффективного управления организацией. Использование MSS может быть практическим способом поддержки решений, принимаемых в результате внедрения MS.

Чтобы заявить о соответствии стандарту, организации необходимо иметь доказательства соответствия требованиям. Сбор доказательств, как правило, осуществляется путем проведения аудита. Существует три типа аудита: первичный, вторичный и третичный. Первичный аудит предполагает внутренний аудит. Аудиты второго и третьего уровней могут повлечь за собой сертификацию: сертификация может проводиться только на основании документа, содержащего соответствующие требования. Таким образом, тип В MSS не может быть сертифицирован. Узнайте больше о различиях между MSS типов А и В.

Структура высокого уровня - HLS

Стандарты, перечисленные здесь как имеющие структуру высокого уровня, имеют одинаковую структуру  [PDF] и содержат много одинаковых терминов и определений. Такая ситуация особенно полезна для тех организаций, которые предпочитают использовать единую (иногда называемую «интегрированной») систему управления, которая может отвечать требованиям двух или более стандартов системы управления одновременно.

Female scientist in protective clothing and goggles uses a purple beam laser equipment.

Популярные стандарты на системы менеджмента »

Мы разработали ряд стандартов систем менеджмента, каждый из которых содержит вопросы, касающиеся глобального бизнеса.

The Integrated Use of Management System Standards (IUMSS)
The second edition of the handbook has been published to help organizations of any sector or industry and size, integrate requirements of multiple MSSs into their management systems.
Стандарт и/или проект Тип HLS
IWA 26:2017
Using ISO 26000:2010 in management systems
MS  
IWA 31:2020
Risk management — Guidelines on using ISO 31000 in management systems
MS  
ISO/TR 4450:2020
Quality management systems — Guidance for the application of ISO 19443:2018
B HLS
ISO/AWI 5124 [[Under development]]
Installations and equipment for LNG — LNG railcar applications
A HLS
ISO/CD 7101 [[Under development]]
Health Care Quality Management System Standard
A  
ISO 9001:2015
Quality management systems — Requirements
A HLS
ISO/TS 9002:2016
Quality management systems — Guidelines for the application of ISO 9001:2015
B HLS
ISO 9004:2018
Quality management — Quality of an organization — Guidance to achieve sustained success
B  
ISO 10004:2018
Quality management — Customer satisfaction — Guidelines for monitoring and measuring
B  
ISO 10006:2017
Quality management — Guidelines for quality management in projects
B  
ISO 10012:2003
Measurement management systems — Requirements for measurement processes and measuring equipment
A  
ISO 10377:2013
Consumer product safety — Guidelines for suppliers
B  
ISO 10393:2013
Consumer product recall — Guidelines for suppliers
B  
ISO 13485:2016
Medical devices — Quality management systems — Requirements for regulatory purposes
A  
ISO 14001:2015
Environmental management systems — Requirements with guidance for use
A HLS
ISO 14002-1:2019
Environmental management systems — Guidelines for using ISO 14001 to address environmental aspects and conditions within an environmental topic area — Part 1: General
B  
ISO/CD 14002-2 [[Under development]]
Environmental management systems — Guidelines for using ISO 14001 to address environmental aspects and conditions within an environmental topic area — Part 2: Water
B  
ISO 14004:2016
Environmental management systems — General guidelines on implementation
B HLS
ISO 14005:2019
Environmental management systems — Guidelines for a flexible approach to phased implementation
B  
ISO 14006:2020
Environmental management systems — Guidelines for incorporating ecodesign
B  
ISO 14009:2020
Environmental management systems — Guidelines for incorporating material circulation in design and development
B HLS
ISO 14298:2021
Graphic technology — Management of security printing processes
A HLS
ISO 15378:2017
Primary packaging materials for medicinal products — Particular requirements for the application of ISO 9001:2015, with reference to good manufacturing practice (GMP)
A HLS
ISO 16000-40:2019
Indoor air — Part 40: Indoor air quality management system
A HLS
ISO 16106:2020
Transport packages for dangerous goods — Dangerous goods packagings, intermediate bulk containers (IBCs) and large packagings — Guidelines for the application of ISO 9001
B  
ISO 18091:2019
Quality management systems — Guidelines for the application of ISO 9001 in local government
B HLS
ISO 18788:2015
Management system for private security operations — Requirements with guidance for use
A HLS
ISO/TS 19158:2012
Geographic information — Quality assurance of data supply
B  
ISO 19443:2018
Quality management systems — Specific requirements for the application of ISO 9001:2015 by organizations in the supply chain of the nuclear energy sector supplying products and services important to nuclear safety (ITNS)
A HLS
ISO/IEC 19770-1:2017
Information technology — IT asset management — Part 1: IT asset management systems — Requirements
A HLS
ISO/IEC 19796-3:2009
Information technology — Learning, education and training — Quality management, assurance and metrics — Part 3: Reference methods and metrics
MS  
ISO/IEC 20000-1:2018
Information technology — Service management — Part 1: Service management system requirements
A HLS
ISO/IEC 20000-2:2019
Information technology — Service management — Part 2: Guidance on the application of service management systems
B HLS
ISO 20121:2012
Event sustainability management systems — Requirements with guidance for use
A HLS
ISO 21001:2018
Educational organizations — Management systems for educational organizations — Requirements with guidance for use
A HLS
ISO/AWI 21001 [[Under development]]
Educational organizations — Management systems for educational organizations — Requirements with guidance for use
A  
ISO 21101:2014
Adventure tourism — Safety management systems — Requirements
A HLS
ISO 21401:2018
Tourism and related services — Sustainability management system for accommodation establishments — Requirements
A HLS
ISO 22000:2018
Food safety management systems — Requirements for any organization in the food chain
A HLS
ISO 22006:2009
Quality management systems — Guidelines for the application of ISO 9001:2008 to crop production
B  
ISO/CD 22163 [[Under development]]
Railway applications — Railway quality management system — ISO 9001:2015 and particular requirements for application in the rail sector
A HLS
ISO/TS 22163:2017
Railway applications — Quality management system — Business management system requirements for rail organizations: ISO 9001:2015 and particular requirements for application in the rail sector
A HLS
ISO 22301:2019
Security and resilience — Business continuity management systems — Requirements
A HLS
ISO 22313:2020
Security and resilience — Business continuity management systems — Guidance on the use of ISO 22301
B HLS
ISO 22367:2020
Medical laboratories — Application of risk management to medical laboratories
MS  
ISO/IEC CD 23894.2 [[Under development]]
Information Technology — Artificial Intelligence — Risk Management
MS  
ISO 24518:2015
Activities relating to drinking water and wastewater services — Crisis management of water utilities
B HLS
ISO 26000:2010
Guidance on social responsibility
MS  
ISO/IEC 27001:2013
Information technology — Security techniques — Information security management systems — Requirements
A HLS
ISO/IEC 27001:2013/Cor 1:2014
Information technology — Security techniques — Information security management systems — Requirements — Technical Corrigendum 1
A  
ISO/IEC 27001:2013/Cor 2:2015
Information technology — Security techniques — Information security management systems — Requirements — Technical Corrigendum 2
A  
ISO/IEC 27003:2017
Information technology — Security techniques — Information security management systems — Guidance
B HLS
ISO/IEC 27005:2018
Information technology — Security techniques — Information security risk management
MS  
ISO/IEC DIS 27005 [[Under development]]
Information security, cybersecurity and privacy protection — Guidance on managing information security risks
MS  
ISO/IEC 27010:2015
Information technology — Security techniques — Information security management for inter-sector and inter-organizational communications
B HLS
ISO/IEC 27013:2015
Information technology — Security techniques — Guidance on the integrated implementation of ISO/IEC 27001 and ISO/IEC 20000-1
B  
ISO/IEC FDIS 27013 [[Under development]]
Information security, cybersecurity and privacy protection — Guidance on the integrated implementation of ISO/IEC 27001 and ISO/IEC 20000-1
B  
ISO/IEC 27014:2020
Information security, cybersecurity and privacy protection — Governance of information security
B  
ISO/IEC 27701:2019
Security techniques — Extension to ISO/IEC 27001 and ISO/IEC 27002 for privacy information management — Requirements and guidelines
A  
ISO 28000:2007
Specification for security management systems for the supply chain
A  
ISO/DIS 28000 [[Under development]]
Security and resilience — Security management systems — Requirements for the supply chain
A  
ISO 28001:2007
Security management systems for the supply chain — Best practices for implementing supply chain security, assessments and plans — Requirements and guidance
A  
ISO 28002:2011
Security management systems for the supply chain — Development of resilience in the supply chain — Requirements with guidance for use
A  
ISO 28004-1:2007
Security management systems for the supply chain — Guidelines for the implementation of ISO 28000 — Part 1: General principles
B  
ISO 28004-2:2014
Security management systems for the supply chain — Guidelines for the implementation of ISO 28000 — Part 2: Guidelines for adopting ISO 28000 for use in medium and small seaport operations
B  
ISO 28004-3:2014
Security management systems for the supply chain — Guidelines for the implementation of ISO 28000 — Part 3: Additional specific guidance for adopting ISO 28000 for use by medium and small businesses (other than marine ports)
B  
ISO 28004-4:2014
Security management systems for the supply chain — Guidelines for the implementation of ISO 28000 — Part 4: Additional specific guidance on implementing ISO 28000 if compliance with ISO 28001 is a management objective
B  
ISO 28004-1:2007/Cor 1:2012
Security management systems for the supply chain — Guidelines for the implementation of ISO 28000 — Part 1: General principles — Technical Corrigendum 1
B  
ISO 28007-1:2015
Ships and marine technology — Guidelines for Private Maritime Security Companies (PMSC) providing privately contracted armed security personnel (PCASP) on board ships (and pro forma contract) — Part 1: General
A  
ISO 29001:2020
Petroleum, petrochemical and natural gas industries — Sector-specific quality management systems — Requirements for product and service supply organizations
A HLS
ISO 30000:2009
Ships and marine technology — Ship recycling management systems — Specifications for management systems for safe and environmentally sound ship recycling facilities
A  
ISO 30004:2012
Ships and marine technology — Ship recycling management systems — Guidelines for the implementation of ISO 30000
B  
ISO 30301:2019
Information and documentation — Management systems for records — Requirements
A HLS
ISO 30302:2015
Information and documentation — Management systems for records — Guidelines for implementation
B  
ISO/DIS 30302 [[Under development]]
Information and documentation — Management systems for records — Guidelines for implementation
B  
ISO 30401:2018
Knowledge management systems — Requirements
A HLS
ISO 31000:2018
Risk management — Guidelines
MS  
ISO/CD 31101 [[Under development]]
Robotics — Services provided by service robots — Safety management systems requirements
A HLS
ISO 34101-1:2019
Sustainable and traceable cocoa — Part 1: Requirements for cocoa sustainability management systems
A HLS
ISO/TS 34700:2016
Animal welfare management — General requirements and guidance for organizations in the food supply chain
A  
ISO 35001:2019
Biorisk management for laboratories and other related organisations
A HLS
ISO 37001:2016
Anti-bribery management systems — Requirements with guidance for use
A HLS
ISO 37002:2021
Whistleblowing management systems — Guidelines
B HLS
ISO 37101:2016
Sustainable development in communities — Management system for sustainable development — Requirements with guidance for use
A HLS
ISO 37301:2021
Compliance management systems — Requirements with guidance for use
A HLS
ISO/IEC 38500:2015
Information technology — Governance of IT for the organization
MS  
ISO/IEC WD 38500 [[Under development]]
Information technology — Governance of IT for the organization
MS  
ISO 39001:2012
Road traffic safety (RTS) management systems — Requirements with guidance for use
A HLS
ISO/IEC 40180:2017
Information technology — Quality for learning, education and training — Fundamentals and reference framework
MS  
ISO 41001:2018
Facility management — Management systems — Requirements with guidance for use
A HLS
ISO/IEC CD 42001 [[Under development]]
Information Technology — Artificial intelligence — Management system
A HLS
ISO 44001:2017
Collaborative business relationship management systems — Requirements and framework
A HLS
ISO 44002:2019
Collaborative business relationship management systems — Guidelines on the implementation of ISO 44001
B HLS
ISO 45001:2018
Occupational health and safety management systems — Requirements with guidance for use
A HLS
ISO/DIS 45002 [[Under development]]
Occupational health and safety management systems — General guidelines for the implementation of ISO 45001:2018
B  
ISO 46001:2019
Water efficiency management systems — Requirements with guidance for use
A HLS
ISO 50001:2018
Energy management systems — Requirements with guidance for use
A HLS
ISO 50004:2020
Energy management systems — Guidance for the implementation, maintenance and improvement of an ISO 50001 energy management system
B  
ISO 50005:2021
Energy management systems — Guidelines for a phased implementation
B  
ISO 50009:2021
Energy management systems — Guidance for implementing a common energy management system in multiple organizations
B  
ISO/TS 54001:2019
Quality management systems — Particular requirements for the application of ISO 9001:2015 for electoral organizations at all levels of government
A HLS
ISO 55001:2014
Asset management — Management systems — Requirements
A HLS
ISO/AWI 55001 [[Under development]]
Asset management — Management systems — Requirements
A  
ISO 55002:2018
Asset management — Management systems — Guidelines for the application of ISO 55001
B HLS
ISO/AWI 56001 [[Under development]]
Innovation management — Innovation management system — Requirements
A  
ISO 56002:2019
Innovation management — Innovation management system — Guidance
B HLS
ISO/IEC 80079-34:2018
Explosive atmospheres — Part 34: Application of quality management systems for Ex Product manufacture
A HLS
ISO/IEC/IEEE 90003:2018
Software engineering — Guidelines for the application of ISO 9001:2015 to computer software
B HLS

Кроме того, вы можете загрузить перечень стандартов в формате Excel. Обратите внимание, хотя список обновляется регулярно, мы не можем гарантировать, что содержащаяся в нем информация является полной и на 100 % актуальной. Поэтому риск от использования ложится на пользователей.