Element Citation

Bibliographic description of a work. Includes bibliographic reference elements only. Does not include untagged text, spacing, or punctuation.


id Identifier
publication-format Publication Format
publication-type Type of Publication
publisher-type Type of Publisher
specific-use Specific Use
xlink:actuate Actuating the Link
xlink:href Href (Linking Mechanism)
xlink:role Role of the Link
xlink:show Showing the Link
xlink:title Title of the Link
xlink:type Type of Link
xmlns:xlink XLink Namespace Declaration
xml:lang Language

Related Elements

This <element-citation> element contains the bibliographic description of a work; the pointer to that description uses the <xref> element. These two elements are sometimes confused because in common language both may be called “citations”.

There are three kinds of citations in this Tag Set:

Model Description

One or more of any of:

This element may be contained in:

<attrib>, <bold>, <compl>, <full>, <intro>, <italic>, <license-p>, <main>, <monospace>, <overline>, <p>, <preformat>, <ref>, <roman>, <sans-serif>, <sc>, <strike>, <sub>, <sup>, <td>, <th>, <title>, <underline>

Example 1

Citation for a journal article:

<ref id="B27">
<person-group person-group-type="author">
<article-title>Functional discovery via a compendium
of expression profiles</article-title>
<p>This report is the most extensive DNA expression
profile of yeast genes. It examines the expression
pattern of the whole yeast genome in 300 mutant
strains. It infers the function of many unknown
genes comparing profiles among the different


Example 2

Citation for a book:

<element-citation publication-type="book" publication-format="print">
<chapter-title>Tobacco use</chapter-title>
<person-group person-group-type="editor">
<source>Clinical methods: the history, physical,
and laboratory examinations</source>
<publisher-loc>Stoneham (MA)</publisher-loc>
<publisher-name>Butterworth Publishers</publisher-name>
<year content-type="copyright-year">1990</year>


Example 3

Foreign language example:

<element-citation publication-type="journal" publication-format="print">
<name><surname>Llanos De La Torre Quiralte</surname>
<name><surname>Garijo Ayestaran</surname>
<name><surname>Poch Olive</surname>
<article-title xml:lang="es">Evolucion de la mortalidad
infantil de La Rioja (1980-1998)</article-title>
<trans-title xml:lang="en">Evolution of the infant
mortality rate in la Rioja in Spain
<source>An Esp Pediatr</source>
<comment>Figura 3, Tendencia de mortalidad infantil
[Figure 3, Trends in infant mortality]; p. 418.