Abbreviation or Acronym

Abbreviation, acronym, or emoticon used in the text of a document, possibly including an expansion of the acronym.


The <abbrev> element is intended for marking abbreviations in running prose, and not for the documentation of common abbreviations in a list of symbols and abbreviated terms.


alt Alternative Text
content-type Type of Content
id Identifier
specific-use Specific Use
xlink:actuate Actuating the Link
xlink:href Href (Linking Mechanism)
xlink:role Role of the Link
xlink:show Showing the Link
xlink:title Title of the Link
xlink:type Type of Link
xmlns:xlink XLink Namespace Declaration
xml:lang Language

Model Description

Any combination of:

This element may be contained in:

<addr-line>, <article-title>, <attrib>, <award-id>, <bold>, <collab>, <comment>, <compl>, <def-head>, <element-citation>, <full>, <funding-source>, <intro>, <italic>, <license-p>, <main>, <meta-value>, <mixed-citation>, <monospace>, <named-content>, <overline>, <p>, <preformat>, <roman>, <sans-serif>, <sc>, <strike>, <styled-content>, <sub>, <subtitle>, <sup>, <supplement>, <td>, <term>, <term-head>, <th>, <title>, <trans-title>, <underline>, <verse-line>


      <title>Univariate symbols</title>
      <p>The symbols used when there is only one quality
        characteristic in the class are as follows.</p>
      <def-list list-type="symbol-list">
            <p>factor that relates the maximum sample standard
              deviation (<abbrev>MSSD</abbrev>) to the difference between
              <italic>U</italic> and <italic>L</italic>
              (<xref rid="anx-d">see Annex D</xref>)</p>