Page Ranges

Text describing discontinuous pagination (for example, 8-11, 14-19, 40).


The discontinuous pages range “8-11, 14-19, 40” would be read as “a document begins on page 8, runs through 11, skips to pages 14 through 19, and concludes on page 40”.

The <page-range> element only supplements other page elements and DOES NOT replace <fpage> and <lpage>. The <fpage> element and the <lpage> element (where available) should always be tagged; infrastructures for linking references across publishers (such as that of CrossRef) use first and last page information for a document as part of their identification process. Accordingly, material with a page range should be tagged:

   <page-range>8-11, 14-19, 40</page-range>


content-type Type of Content
specific-use Specific Use
xml:lang Language

Model Description

Text, numbers, or special characters

This element may be contained in:

<element-citation>, <mixed-citation>, <related-article>, <related-object>


<ref id="B84">
<person-group person-group-type="author">
<article-title>Fostering Patient and Family
Involvement in Hospital Care</article-title>
<page-range>115-117, 121, 123-124</page-range>