Abstract Preview

This part of ISO/IEC 16500 takes a practical approach to the specification of Information Representation. Just the

information types that cannot be dispensed with in producing the set of DAVIC applications (viz. broadcast, movies

on demand, home shopping, etc.) are specified. The approach taken in this part of ISO/IEC 16500 starts by defining

the various monomedia information types. They include character, text, fonts, service information, audio, video, and

graphics. Consistent with DAVIC principles, one tool is selected for the encoding of each information type.

Multimedia components comprise one or more monomedia components. This part of ISO/IEC 16500 defines the way

in which multimedia information is coded and exchanged. This includes the definition of a virtual machine and a set

of APIs to support interoperable exchange of program code. Finally, this part of ISO/IEC 16500 defines a Reference

Decoder Model for contents decoding which provides constraints on content. The major problem addressed by the

model is to ensure interoperability of applications by specifying memory and behaviour constraints for contents

decoding by a hypothetical STU, without specifying the internal design of an STU. An application built according to

the reference decoder model will be an "ISO/IEC 16500 conforming application" and will successfully execute on a

STU that is compliant to ISO/IEC 16500.

For each monomedia and multimedia component the coding format is specified, as well as applicable constraints for

coding of the components. Three types of monomedia components are distinguished. Monomedia components which

are included within other monomedia components, such as characters within text, are of type implied. Non-implied

monomedia components that do not require synchronization with a time base at play back, are of type stand-alone.

Finally, non-implied monomedia components of which the presentation may require synchronization with a time base

are of type stream. This part of ISO/IEC 16500 defines which type each DAVIC defined monomedia component may

take, and specifies that the coded representation of monomedia components of type stream are packetized in PES

packets (for definition of PES packets refer to ISO/IEC 13818-1). PES packets permit (1) to include time stamps to

support mutual synchronisation of multiple monomedia components in reference to a common time base and (2) to

define timing and buffer behaviour in a common reference model for contents decoding. While there are various

ways to deliver the monomedia and multimedia components to the STU, This part of ISO/IEC 16500 defines how the

components are carried in an MPEG-2 Transport Stream.

DAVIC specifies a number of different profiles. In a specific profile there may be support of a subset of the

monomedia components. Each STU that complies to a specific profile of DAVIC shall be capable of decoding and

presenting each monomedia and multimedia component permitted within that profile.

This part of ISO/IEC 16500 also specifies methods for packaging of contents and metadata. The way in which

content is packaged for delivery is independent of the way in which content data is delivered to the SPS (it may be

delivered to a Service Provider either on physical media or over a transmission system). All programming content is

represented in the DAVIC system as multimedia components. Multimedia components comprise one or more

monomedia components coupled with the logical relationships between the monomedia components. The multimedia

components will be created by content providers for input to the servers.

General information

  • Status :  Published
    Publication date : 1999-12
  • Edition : 1
    Number of pages : 195
  • :
    ISO/IEC JTC 1/SC 29
    Coding of audio, picture, multimedia and hypermedia information
  • 35.040.40
    Coding of audio, video, multimedia and hypermedia information

Buy this standard

Format Language
  • CHF198

Got a question?

Check out our FAQs

Customer care
+41 22 749 08 88

Opening hours:
Monday to Friday - 09:00-12:00, 14:00-17:00 (UTC+1)

Keep up to date with ISO

Sign up to our newsletter for the latest news, views and product information.