Studies on benefits of standards

This webpage contains information on studies on the economic and social benefits of standards for trade, national economies, industry sectors, individual companies and citizens. It is intended as a reference repository of studies that address economic and other benefits of standards, their impacts and their relevance for international trade, innovation and economic development. The studies have been undertaken by different authors, such as national and international standards bodies, research institutes, universities and other international agencies.

An effort has been made to include in this repository studies based, as far as possible, on recent and original field research. However, the repository remains a working tool: it does not attempt or claim to be exhaustive, nor does it set any form of hierarchy among existing studies.

ISO members, researchers and anybody interested in this matter are invited to provide input and feed-back, thus contributing to improving the quality and extent of the inventory.

The list of publications and resources identified are organized in three sections:

Other studies & resources

This section brings together links to various studies on the benefits of standards which have been developed by various authors in different subject areas and with different research approaches.

Title / Abstract Year
Implementation and Certification of ISO/IEC 29110 in an IT Startup in Peru This article presents the implementation of ISO/IEC 29110 in a four-person IT startup company in Peru. After completing the implementation of the ISO/IEC 29110 project management and software implementation processes using an agile approach, the next step was to execute these processes in a project ... more
Author(s): Garcia, L., Laporte, C.Y., Arteaga, J., Bruggmann, M. (ATIX IT Research and Innovation (Peru), École de technologie supérieure (Canada))
Publisher(s): American Society for Quality (ASQ) - Software Quality Professional (SQP)
Improving project management for small projects This article describes the improvement programme carried out by one of Canada's largest engineering companies. The programme consists in defining and implementing new management processes for small-scale projects.
Author(s): Chevalier Frédéric (Ecole de technologie supérieure, Canada), Laporte Claude (Ecole de technologie supérieure, Canada), Maurice Jean-Claude
Publisher(s): International Organization for Standardization - ISO
Seizing the benefits of software and systems engineering standards This article provides an overview of the ISO/IEC 29110 "Software engineering - Lifecycle profiles for Very Small Entities (VSEs)" series of standards.
Author(s): Buasung, Sanyakorn (Thai Industrial Standards Institute), Laporte, Claude Y. (Ecole de technologie supérieure, Canada), Séguin, Normand (Université de Québec), Villas Boas, Gisèle (Riosoft, ISO/IEC JTC 1/SC 7)
Publisher(s): International Organization for Standardization - ISO
Standards and Public Policy This book was first published in 2006. Technological standards are a cornerstone of the modern information economy, affecting firm strategy, market performance and, by extension, economic growth. While there is general agreement that swift movement to superior technological standards is a ... more
Author(s): Shane Greenstein (Kellogg School of Mgt, Northwestern University, USA), Victor Stango (Tuck School of Business, Dartmouth College, USA)
Guidance for Government Representatives on BSI British Standards Committees A booklet developed to further DIUS¿s (Department for Innovation, Universities & Skills) objective of ensuring effective and increased Government involvement in BSI technical committees. It aims is to educate members of Government departments and agencies on their rewards, role and responsibilities ... more 2009
The Impact of Patents and Standards on Macroeconomic Growth: A Panel Approach Cover in 4 Countries and 12 Sectors Based on the assumption that codified technological know-how contributes to economic growth, this paper presents the estimation of a Cobb-Douglas production function, pooling data from four European countries and 12 sectors. The empirical results confirm that both the stock of patents and the stock ... more
Author(s): Andre Jungmittag, Knut Blind
International Association of Oil & Gas Producers OGP - Standards Bulletin This bulletin particularly focuses on the standards developed by ISO/TC 67 "Materials, equipment and offshore structure for petroleum, petrochemical and natural gas industries". 2007
European Standardisation Conference: Innovation and Market Access through Standards In March 2007, the German Federal Ministry of Economics and DIN, the German national standards body Berlin organized a European conference in which politicians, representatives of academia, industry executives and standards experts focused on how innovation and marketable products can be achieved  ... more 2007
Global Supply Chains, Standards and the Poor - How the Globalization of Food Systems and Standards Affects Rural development and Poverty Using original research from Asia, Africa, Europe and Latin America this book reviews the recent restructuring of the global agri-food industry and the dramatic rise of global retail chains in developing and transition countries. It focuses on the private standards and requirements imposed by ... more
Author(s): J.F.M. Swinnen
The Impact of Standards on Macroeconomic Growth: A Panel Approach Covering Four Countries and Twelve Sectors Based on the assumption that codified technological know-how contributes to economic growth, this paper presents the estimation of a Cobb-Douglas production function, pooling data from four European countries and 12 sectors. The empirical results confirm that both the stock of patents and the stock ... more
Author(s): Blind, Knut (Berlin Technial University / Fraunhofer Institute for Systems and Innovation Research, Germany), Jungmittag, Andre (Wuppertal University, Germany)
The Emergence of Standards: a Meta-analysis This paper provides a list of factors that influence the outcome of standards battles, developed by performing a meta-analysis of 103 papers. An extensive literature study revealed 31 factors which are grouped under five categories: superior design, mechanisms, stakeholders, dominant agent and ... more
Author(s): De Vries, Henk (RSM, Erasmus University, Netherlands), Van Heck, Eric (RSM, Erasmus University, Netherlands), Van de Kaa, Geerten (RSM, Erasumus University, Netherlands), Van den Ende, Jan (RSM, Erasmus University, Netherlands)
Open Meeting Report In order to discuss its findings and deliverables with its main groups of stakeholders, towards the end of its lifespan, the Cooperation Platform for Research and Standards organized a conference on research and standardization towards FP7. The conference, for which more than 200 participants ... more 2007
Investment in JTAG Standards Development Benefits Entire Industry In this guest commentary for the Network of electronics engineers EDN, the President and CEO of ASSET Intertech (embedded instrumentation) reveals the company's commitment to the development of standards. He emphasizes the importance of communicating, promoting and educating about standards so as ... more
Author(s): Glenn Whopman (ASSET InterTech)
Standards for Business - How Companies Benefit from Participation in International Standards Setting The International Electrotechnical Commission (IEC) celebrated its anniversary in 2006. Since 1906, it has published thousands of standards that have shaped the world of electronics, electrotechnology and information technology. These standards are developed in hundreds of committees and working ... more
Author(s): Henk De Vries (RSM Erasmus University, Netherlands)
Standardization and Patent Pools: Using Patent Licensing to Lead the Market This paper explains why profit-seeking companies participate in standardization activities and patent pools, even if the activities benefit their rival companies, paying special attention to the relation between standards and patents. The question from the perspective of economic theory using the ... more
Author(s): Hajime Yamada (Tokyo University, Japan)
Measuring the performance of standard setting organizations This paper proposes a new method for evaluating the performance of standard setting organizations (SSOs) using patent citations. A sample of patents obtained from the publicly available intellectual property disclosure records of fourteen SSOs is used to illustrate the proposed approach. The method ... more
Author(s): Marc Rysman (University of Toronto, Canada), Timothy S. Simcoe (University of Toronto, Canada)
Regional approaches to better standards systems Developing countries face an increasing need to upgrade the standards of their domestic markets and of their exports. This paper examines different approaches available to them for upgrading their standards and conformity assessment procedures. It focuses particularly on those followed within the ... more
Author(s): Enrique Aldaz-Carroll
Industrial Legislatures: The American System of Standardization Much like the history of the American nation itself, this American system of standardization has strong traditions of voluntarism, local control, meritocracy, rights to represent one's own interests, and a marked preference for private coordination of commercial activity. By the first decades of ... more
Author(s): Andrew Russell (John Hopkins University, USA)
SMEs & Standardisation in Europe, 23 Good Practices to Promote the Participation of Craft & SME Enterprises in Standardization & the Use of Standards SMEs and craft enterprises are an important part of the enterprise sector in Europe. They represent
99 % of all enterprises, around 70 % of all jobs and 50 % of value added enterprises. Recognizing the need to get SMEs more involved in standardization, the European Commmission commissioned and ... more
Capacity-Building to Meet International Standards as Public Goods As the world becomes increasingly globalized, the role of national borders is changing and the governance of markets can no longer be seen as a local matter. This paper looks at one aspect of market governance, the provision of standards and the capacity to deal with standards for the global ... more
Author(s): Lara Newson (University of Sussex, UK), Leonardo Iacovone (University of Sussex, UK), Peter Holmes (University of Sussex, UK), Rungroge Kamondetdacha (University of Sussex, UK)
Benefits of Standardization in the Microelectronics Industries and Their Implications on Nanotechnology and Other Innovative Industries This paper analyzes the experience from building up a portfolio of over 740 industry standards within the Semiconductor Equipment and Materials International (SEMI) International Standards Program and develops a quality management-based (QM) model for standardization development based on ISO ... more
Author(s): Bettina Weiss (International University of Bremen), Lee Carolos (International University of Bremen), Werner Bergholz (International University of Bremen)
What are the Benefits of Standardization for Research Projects The COPRAS (Cooperation platform for research and standards) provides information on how standards can benefit the research projects of governments and public authorities, industry and SME companies, and academia and research institutes.
Author(s): Bart Brusse (COPRAS FAQ), Rigo Wenning (COPRAS FAQ)
The Impact of ICT Standards: Three Views This paper presents three different methodological approaches to assess the impacts of ICT standards, ranging from very specific impacts of single standards to general impacts of the whole stock of ICT standards on growth in the ICT sector. We start with a case study on e-business standard, then ... more
Author(s): Knut Blind (Technical University of Berlin)
Effects of IS Standardization on Business Performance: A case in HR IS Company Standardization In this study a research model is designed that describes the effects of IS company standards on business
performance. This model is based on a pilot case study and on the small amount of literature available on company standards. Subsequently, the descriptive model is used in an in-depth ... more
Author(s): De Vries, Henk (Erasmus University, Netherlands), Ribbers, Pieter (Tilburg University, Netherlands), Van Wessel, Robert (Tilburg University, Netherlands)
The Entrepreneur and Standards For society to gain the most advantage from entrepreneurship, the entrepreneur's desire to control their products and markets must be balanced with the socially desirable impact of standards to distribute technology and market control. Groups of technologies sustain new waves of human civilization. ... more
Author(s): Elaine Baskin, Ken Krechmer
Best Practice in Company Standardization This article describes a best practice model for standardization within companies based on a process approach to the development of company standards. Per process a best practice is developed based on an investigation within six multinational companies and a review of literature, if any. The ... more
Author(s): Florens J.C. Slob, Henk De Vries (Erasumus University, Netherlands), Van Gansewinkel Zuid-Holland
A Method to the Madness: Customization 2.0 For most corporations the need to standardize processes to strip out costs remains the overriding concern. Yet selective process customization is rapidly becoming a competitive differentiato
Author(s): George Albert
Standardization and Business Development: The Global Impact of the IOSA Standards and the Value of Anticipation The IATA Operational Safety Audit (IOSA) programme consists of standards against which the operational, management and control systems of an airline are assessed. Developed between 2001 and 2003 as a result of collaboration between disparate aviation industry stakeholders, IOSA is having a global ... more
Author(s): David Hodgkinson (University of Western Australia)
The Role of Standards for Trade in Services: First Insights Cross-border trade of Services has attracted the attention of industry, policymakers and academia. Whereas the trade of goods has been well analysed both from the theoretical and empirical perspective, investigations into the trade of Services are only beginning. In particular, the complex ... more
Author(s): Knut Blind
A Taxonomy of Standards in the Service Sector Based on the peculiarities of services the different typologies of service standards are discussed. Against this background, a survey among European service companies addressed the question of in which service-related categories formal and informal standards are implemented. In total 364 European ... more
Author(s): Knut Blind
Standardizing Mesopic Vision Conditions and Incidence on Light Sources Science and Technology Standards affect every part of our life. From the quality of air and water, to the assurance that products and services are safe and effective for use, there are hundreds of standards helping to improve our everyday life. Standards play an important role in ensuring that products, services and ... more
Author(s): Georges Zissis (University Paul Sabatier, Toulouse III, France), Stuart Mucklejohn (University Paul Sabatier, Toulouse III, France)
Do National Standards Hinder or Promote Trade in Electrical products? This paper estimates the effect of national and internationally harmonized standards on trade-flows of products that depend on electricity. It does so in two steps. First it identifies the effect of basic electricity specifications (voltage, hertz and different plug types) across countries on trade ... more
Author(s): Johannes Moenius (University of Redlands, USA)
How do Differing Standards Increase Trade Costs? The Case of Pallets The paper examines why there are so many different pallet sizes, the associated trade costs and the reasons why countries have not harmonized pallet sizes to eliminate such costs. It then presents options for exporters to mitigate the adverse effects of standards multiplicity while complying with ... more
Author(s): Enrique Aldaz-Carroll, Gael Raballand
Multinational Enterprises and Training Revisited: Do International Standards Matter? Several studies have examined the determinants of training in developing countries but only few have paid attention to the potential importance of international standards such as ISO 9000 or ISO 14000 on the firm's training decision. This paper examines training determinants using recent employer ... more
Author(s): Niels-Hugo Blunch (George Washington University, USA), Paula Castro (University of California, USA)
Influencing and Meeting International Standards: Challenges for Developing Countries This study, the second of a set of 2 volumes, examines the technical assistance needed by developing countries in order to conform to technical regulations and measures stipulated by export markets. It reviews procedures followed by selected international standard-setting organizations and ... more 2005
Regionalism in Standards: Good or Bad for Trade? Regional agreements on standards have been largely ignored by economists and unconditionally blessed by multilateral trade rules. It is theoretically and empirically found that such agreements increase trade between participating countries but not necessarily with the rest of the world. Adopting a ... more
Author(s): Aaditya Mattoo (World Bank), Maggie Chen (University of Colorado, USA)
Capability building for catching-up This report addresses the issue of capability building metrics with a view to assist in the definition of policies and help bridge the gap between highly quantifiable macroeconomic targets and microeconomic ones which still remain highly notional and qualitative. By placing the issue in an ... more
Author(s): UNIDO
Standards and conformity assessment in trade: minimising barriers and maximising benefits A compilation of submissions to the Workshop and Policy Dialogue organized under the auspices of the Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development, the Federal Ministry of Economics and Labour and Inwent (Capacity Building International, Germany) in Berlin, Germany on 21-22 November ... more
Author(s): Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD)
Standards Mark the Course of Economic Progress The transformation from fixed communications systems such as railroads and telephony to adaptive communications systems such as the Internet is evidence of a paradigm shift. This paradigm shift is made possible using new innovations (programmable computers) and new forms of credit creation. Using ... more
Author(s): Ken Krechmer (University of Colorado, USA)
The Impact of Innovation and Standards on German-French Trade Flows The paper analyses the effects of patents as indicators for innovations and standards on the German-French trade flows. The results show that primarily Germany's innovative capacity can explain its export performance in France and not its strength in standards. Second, the stocks of international ... more
Author(s): Andre Jungmittag, Knut Blind
Trade and the Impact of Innovations and Standards: The Case of Germany and the UK The effects of patents as indicators for innovations and standards on German trade performance are analysed in general and German¿British trade in detail. The latter analysis goes a step further than the approach of Swann et al. (1996) and is based on a broader and more detailed database. The ... more
Author(s): Andre Jungmittag (University of Wuppertal, Germany), Knut Blind (Fraunhofer Institute for Systems and Innovation Research, Karlsruhe, Germany)
ISO 9000 Survey Shows Value of Customer Focus - And Gives Purchaser's Viewpoint As India climbs the world economic table, the experience and views of ISO 9000-companies are increasingly influential. This study of long-certified companies in southern India ranks their reported benefits. It also asked industrial customers about the benefits of purchasing from the certified ... more
Author(s): Stephen Mathews (St. Berchmans College, India)
What will an EMS Do for My Organization? Some Concrete Answers This article provides some answers to the question, "What will an EMS do for my organization ?". It gives examples of the benefits of implementing ISO 14001 and other environmental measures, including significant contributions to the bottom line - millions of US dollar savings in some quoted ... more
Author(s): Ahmad Husseini (ISO/TC 207 Environmenal Mgt)
Import Purchasers Favour ISO 14001 - Certified Suppliers A survey of American, British, Dutch, German, Japanese and Spanish importers of Israeli products indicates that the decision to purchase can be positively influenced by the existence of a supplier¿s ISO 14001-certified
environmental management system. (Magazine, ISO Management Systems, ... more
Author(s): Alon Tal (Ben Gurion University, Beer-Sheva, Israel), Florencia Bellesi (Ben Gurion University, Beer-Sheva, Israel)
Labor Standards, Human Capital and Economic Development This paper discusses the nature and importance of human capital. It presents an overview of human capital-labor standards linkages and the rationale for making core international labor standards a part of the rules governing the global economy and evaluates some of the criticisms of those ... more
Author(s): Ray Marshall (Economic Policy Institute)
An Economic Basis for Open Standards The paper provides an overview of standards and standard-setting processes. It describes the economic effect of technology standards - ''de facto'' as well as ''de jure'' - and differentiates between the impact on competition and welfare that various levels of standards have. It argues that most of ... more
Author(s): Rishab Ghosh (University of Maastricht, Netherlands)
IT Standardization: The Billion Dollar Strategy This article summarizes key incentives for vendors, users, government and individuals to participate in the standardization process. It argues that standards can expand markets at all points in the market life cycle, with overall impact measured in billions of dollars. The authors hope to encourage ... more
Author(s): Jim Isaak (Southern New Hampshire Uni. USA), John Hurd (Southern New Hampshire Uni, USA)
E-Business Interoperability and Standards - A Cross-sector Perspective and Outlook This report is a Special Issue Study on e-Business Interoperability and Standards. It provides a cross-sector
perspective on e-business interoperability requirements and standards in the context of relevant public business policy issues. The synthesis is based on the e-Business W@tch survey, ... more
Geospatial Interoperability Return on Investment Study The purpose of this study is to measure, both qualitatively and quantitatively, the return on investment (ROI) to organizations implementing geospatial standards, standards specifically developed to promote
interoperability between a wide variety of different applications. This study uses ... more
Food Safety and Agricultural Health Standards: Challenges and Opportunities for Developing Country Exports This report summarizes a program of research coordinated by the World Bank and carried out from October 2002 to May 2004. The objectives of the program have been to: 1) Highlight the major dynamics in the evolution of important sanitary and phytosanitary standards (SPS) in selected industrialized ... more 2005
Handbook of Standards and Guidelines in Ergonomics and Human Factors A comprehensive review of international and national standards and guidelines, this handbook consists of 32 chapters divided into nine sections that cover standardization efforts, anthropometry and working postures, designing manual material, human-computer interaction, occupational health and ... more
Author(s): N.J. Nawwah (Lawrence Erlbaum Associates, Inc.)
Publisher(s): Edited by W. Karwowski.
Use of ISO 9000 in Governance This document, prepared by the United Nations Industrial Development Organization (UNIDO), proposes the introduction and application of International Standards on Quality management systems: ISO 9000 / 9001 and 9004 within public governance. 2005
On the Effects of IS Company Standards on Business Process Performance In this study a research model is designed that describes the effects on business performance of IS company standards facilitating processes. This model is based on a pilot case study and the small number of literature available on company standards. Subsequently, the descriptive model is used in ... more
Author(s): Henk De Vries (Erasmus University, Netherlands), Pieter Ribbers (Tilburg University, Netherlands), Robert van Wessel (Tilburg University, Netherlands)
Best Practice - Next Practice - How to Survive, Innovate and Grow in an Ever Changing World How the strategic use of standards can really help to improve competitive advantage and deliver real return on investment
Author(s): Sherrie Bolin, Stephen Munden
Social Shaping & Standardization: A Case Study from the Auto Industry Inter-organizational collaboration requires systems interoperability which is not possible in the absence of common standards. However, empirical research has shown that Information and Communication Technology (ICT) standards can be a major barrier in the progress of Information Technology ... more
Author(s): Martina Gerst (University of Edinburgh), Raluca Bunduchi (University of Edinburgh), Robin Williams (University of Edinburgh)
The Benefits of Business Process Standards An excerpt of "The Coming Commoditization of Processes" concerning three types of process standards to help businesses determine whether their capability can be improved by outsourcing.
Author(s): Thomas Davenport (Babson College, Wellesley, MA, USA)
Combining Economic and Social Goals in the Design of Production Systems by Using Ergonomics Standards In the designing of production systems, economic and social goals can be combined, if ergonomics is integrated into the design process. More than 50 years of ergonomics research and practice have resulted in a large number of ergonomics standards for designing physical and organizational work ... more
Author(s): A. Feilzer (Rotterdam School of Business, Netherlands), H. De Vries (Rotterdam School of Business, Netherlands), J. Dul (Rotterdam School of Business, Netherlands), S. Verschoof (Dutch Standardization Institution (NEN)), W. Eveleens (Eveleens Changing Workstyle, Utrecht, Netherlands)
Transport - Getting there with European Standards: Conclusions 2004
ISO/TS 29001 Set to Become Oil and Gas Industry's Unique QMS Standard A successful partnership between ISO and the international oil and gas industry resulted in the publication of a new technical specification for implementing ISO 9001:2000-based quality management systems in the sector : ISO/TS 29001:2003 ''Petroleum, petrochemical and natural gas industries - ... more
Author(s): Ken Peurifoy, Lanny Gookin
Standards and Technical Regulations and Firms in Developing Countries: New Evidence from A World Bank Technical Barriers to Trade Survey This paper is the result of a survey that solicited input from agricultural, manufacturing, and trade firms in various emerging market countries regarding technical barriers encountered abroad, which impact their ability to successfully export products. Data collected covers 689 firms in over 20 ... more
Author(s): John S. Wilson (The World Bank), Tsunehiro Otsuki (The World Bank)
Who Develops ISO Standards? A Survey of Participation in ISO's International Standards Development Processes This study analyzes representation in ISO's standards development activities from two perspectives: geographic region and stakeholder group. The first part of the study looks at the country/regional representation in all active technical committees (TCs) within ISO. The second part looks at ISO/TC ... more
Author(s): Jason Morrison, Mari Morikawa
International Bahia Sul's Integrated Management System Focuses on "Triple bottom line" This article talks about how Bahia Sul Celulose of Bahia, Brazil, set an example for the pulp and paper production industry by implementing an integrated ISO 9001:2000, ISO 14001 and OHSAS 18001
management system which it uses as a framework for many socially and environmentally responsible ... more
Author(s): Jorge Emanuel Reis Cajazeira (Suzano Group, Brazil)
Diffusion of ISO 9000 Standards and International Trade
Author(s): Michal Grajek (European School of Mgt & Technology)
Phoenix Police Department Counts on ISO 9001:2000 24/7
Author(s): David M. Amari (Phoenix Police Department)
Standards and Intellectual Property Rights: A Practical Guide for Innovative Business Directed at companies involved in innovative technologies, services, products and processes, it provides guidance on developing and using standards and IPR to increase profitability and competitiveness.
Author(s): Matthew Clarke
What are the Right Institutions in a Globalizing World? And¿. Can We Keep Them If We've Found Them?
Author(s): Roumeen Islam
The Oil and Natural Gas Industry's Most Valuable Resource This publication emphasizes how the development and use of voluntary technical standards are essential to promoting innovation, reducing expenses, improving quality assurance, marketing goods and services and allowing to compete in a global economy. 2004
Standards in the service sectors - An explorative study.
Author(s): Knut Blind (Fraunhofer ISI, Karlsruhe, Germany)
International agreements on product standard: an incomplete contracting theory
Author(s): Giovanni Maggi, Pierpaolo Battigalli
The Need for Effective Standardization Management
Author(s): Richard Forselius
The Advantage of Standardisation as a Management Instrument in Companies
Author(s): Lars-Peter Hoops (University of the Armed Forces, Hamburg, Germany)
Standards and Global Trade: A Voice for Africa 2003
Benefit of Legal Metrology for the Economy and Society The study is an analysis of the economics of metrology, particularly legal metrology. It provides economic and social analysis criteria to assist legal metrology authorities to determine priorities for resource allocation, a rudimentary cost/benefit analysis of the main components of legal ... more
Author(s): John Birch
Global Perspectives on Global Standards; A 15-economy Survey of ISO 9000 and ISO 14000
Author(s): Anastasia M. Luca, Charles J. Corbett, Heh-Nan Pan
The Value of Standards 2003
Economic Analysis of ILU Standardisation and Harmonisation 2003
Business Case for Open Standards
Author(s): Erik Sliman
International Standards and Their Impact on Pesticide Application
Author(s): A. Herbst, H. Ganzelmeier
Development of a National Quality Infrastructure in Namibia
Author(s): Bertil Sjöberg
An Examination of the Economic Benefits of ISO 9000 and the Baldrige Award to Manufacturing Firms
Author(s): James Patrick Wilson (University of Pittsurgh, USA)
Can ISO 9001:2000 Aid the Humanitarian Aid Sector?
Author(s): David Verbom (Medair, Switzerland)
Does ISO 9000 Certification Pay?
Author(s): Charles J. Corbett, David A. Kirsch, Maria J. Montes, Maria Jose Alvarez-Gil
Standardization - The Secret to IT Leverage 2002
The Nature and Future of ICT Standardization
Author(s): Sherrie Bolin (The Bolin Group)
Benefits of Agricultural and Forestry Machinery in Finland
Author(s): Frederick Teye, Jukka Manni, Pekka Olkinuora
Evaluating Benefits and Costs of Food Regulation: A Scoping Study An analysis carried out by the Centre for International Economics, Canberra & Sydney, at the request of the Australian New Zealand Food Authority (ANZFA) to determine the feasibility of options for developing a model of the Australian and New Zealand economy that can demonstrate the impacts of food ... more 2002
The Economic Impacts of NIST's Data Encryption Standard (DES) Program
Author(s): David Leech, Michael Chinworth
Benefits, Critical Process Factors, and Optimum Strategies of Successful ISO 9000 Implementation in the Public Sector: An Empirical Examination of Public Sector Services in Taiwan
Author(s): H.-J. Wang, P.-Y. Chu
Company Standardization as a Strategic Management Tool: The Influence of Standardization in the Construction Process on Competitive Strategies
Author(s): L. Hoops, W. Hesser
A Race to the Top? A Case Study of Food Safety Standards and African Exports Vol. 1
Author(s): John Wilson, Mirvat Sewadeh, Tsunehiro Otsuki
A Pathway to Excellence: TQM Methods and Case Studies from ASEAN 2001
Rational Incompatibility with International Product Standards International product standardization enables traditional, price-based competition. But the existence of redesign costs or network effects creates market frictions that diminish the incentive to standardize if there already exists a different technology in an established market. This leads to ... more
Author(s): Christopher B. Barrett (Cornell University, USA), Yi Nung Yang (Chung Yuan Christian University, Taiwan)
The Impacts of Innovations and Standards on Trade of Measurement and Testing Products: Empirical Results of Switzerland's Bilateral Trade Flows with Germany, France and the UK Nowadays, the impact of the measurement and testing infrastructure on economic performance and trade is theoretically and even politically widely accepted. However, there are no empirical studies on this issue. The purpose of this paper is to elucidate the impact of innovative capacity and ... more
Author(s): Knut Blind
The Role of Quality Standards in Innovative Service Companies: An Empirical Analysis for Germany Proceeding from theoretical hypotheses, driving forces for the introduction of the ISO 9000ff series in innovative service companies are analysed. Based on the European Community Innovation Survey (CIS), a probit model is estimated with different explanatory variables based on a sample of ... more
Author(s): Christiane Hipp, Knut Blind (Fraunhofer Institute )
ISO 14001: Case Studies and Practical Experiences
Author(s): Hilary Ruth
Management System Certification + Corporate e-Commerce Strategy = e-Assurance
Author(s): Stewart Anderson (
Standards Essentials
Author(s): F. Cecil Brenner, Steven M. Spivak
The Benefits of Geographic Names to a Spatial Data Infrastructure and to a Nation
Author(s): John Parker (International Federation of Surveyors (FIG))
ICT Standardisation in the New Global Context 2001
A Study of State Library Agencies' Information Technology Standards Policies and Practices
Author(s): Gloria C. Shobowa, William E. Moen
The Standardised Container: Gateway Technologies in Cargo Transport
Author(s): Tineke Egyedi
ISO 14000: An Agnostic's Report from the Front Line
Author(s): Charles J. Corbett, David Kirsch
Quantifying the Impact of Technical Barriers to Trade; A Framework for Analysis
Author(s): John S. Wilson, Keith E. Maskus, Tsunehiro Otsuki
Future Financing for the CEN This Roland Berger study reviews past and current financing schemes (and corresponding work
volumes) and assesses their possible development over the coming decade as well the long-term financing of the CEN System (and in particular of the CMC) and defines the most likely financing scenarios.  ... more
Saving Two in a Billion: A Case Study to Quantify the Trade Effect of European Food Safety Standards on African Exports
Author(s): John S. Wilson (The World Bank), Mirvat Sewadeh (The World Bank), Tsunehiro Otsuki (The World Bank)
Quantifying the Trade Impact of Compatibility Standards and Barriers: An Industrial Organization Perspective
Author(s): Neil Gandal (Tel Aviv, California-Berkeley Universities and CEPR)
Information Technology Standards and Standardization: A Global Perspective
Author(s): Kai Jacobs (Aachen University, Germany)
HSE Management Guidelines for Working Together in a Contract Environment 1999
Innovation, Standardisation and the Long-term Production Function: A Cointegration Analysis for Germany 1960-1996
Author(s): Andre Jungmittag, H. Grupp, Knut Blind
Standardisation of crates: Lessons from the Versfust (Freshcrate) project
Author(s): Emiel Wubben, Hans Koehorst, Henk de Vries
Standardization - A Business Approach to the Role of National Standardization Organizations
Author(s): Henk De Vries
International Process Standards and North-South Trade
Author(s): Carolo Perroni, Randall Wigle
The Importance of Standardization from a Competition Perspective
Author(s): G. Eickhoff, I. Junginger, Ulrich Blum
An Introduction to Standards and Standardization
Author(s): Alex Inklaar, Wilfried Hesser
How Nations Choose Product Standards and Standards Change Nations The author, Samuel Krislov, thoroughly explores the origins, evolutions, and influence of product standards -- their systematic choice at the national and international level, and their uses for national definitions and boundaries. Krislov compares and contrasts the United States, the EC, the ... more
Author(s): Samuel Krislov
Open Systems Standardization: A Business Approach
Author(s): Carl Cargill
A selective review of the economics of standardization. Entry deterrence, technological progress and international competition This article provides a selective overview of the literature on standardization. First, it summarizes the essential mechanisms underlying the economics of product compatibility and, in so doing, reviews the various frameworks that have been used. A survey of the existing work about the consequences ... more
Author(s): Carmen Matutes, Pierre Regibeau
Research Study of the Quality Control System in Egypt 1996
Standards and Trade Performance: the UK Experience
Author(s): Mark Shurmer, Paul Temple, Peter Swann
Standardization and the Costs of Assessing Quality
Author(s): John Hudson, Philip Jones
Economic Benefits of Company Standardization
Author(s): H. Adolphi (University of Hamburg), W. Hesser (University of Hamburg)
High Technology and the Economics of Standardization
Author(s): Robin Cowan (University of Western Ontario, Canada)
The Economics of Compatibility Standards : An Introduction to Recent Research
Author(s): Paul David (Stanford University, USA), Shane Greenstein (University of Illinois, USA)
IFAN Guide 1 - Methods of determining the advantages of company standardization projects This guide describes a method for deciding whether a company standardization project is worthwhile by assessing its effects on all aspects of the company's operations and, where practicable, expessing them in economic terms.
Author(s): International Organization for Standardization
The Economic Benefits of Standards and Standardization: A Cost/Benefit Analysis,
Author(s): P. Gilchrist, P. Lowe
IFAN-Guide 2 - Company use of international standards The object of this Guide is to help companies and enterprises worldwide make the best use of international standardization, both to their own advantage and in the general interest. It gives advice on when International Standards should be used and how they should be used as well as on the ... more
Author(s): British Standards Institution
International Conference on Standardization and Innovation in Information Technology (SIIT) Documents and presentations from the SIIT Conferences of 2005 (including a session on "The Economic Value of Standards") and 2007.
Benefits of Participating in International Standardization and Using the Standards IEC has developed a number of case studies summarizing the benefits of participating in international standardization and using the standards. The case studies cover the private sector, governmental institutions and academia.
Benefits of Standards to Companies and Institutions Concrete examples of benefits of standards to companies and institutions on the DIN Web site under "Success with Standards".
Standards and Regulations from a Trade perspective (Barriers and Facilitation) Web site developed by the World Bank dealing with Trade research and covering extensively the issue of Standards and Regulations from a Trade perspective (barriers and facilitation).
Success stories in European Standardization This CEN/CENELEC Web page provides advice to project proposers how best to address standardization for the benefit of their research projects. It gives access to a study on the contribution of standardization to innovation in European-funded research projects as well as to research projects on ... more
Environmental Management Systems - Case studies about implementation and benefits Web site developed by the North Carolina Department of Environment and Natural Resources providing many factual, company-based case studies, about EMS implementation and benefits.
Interprovincial Regulatory Barriers to Procurement in Western Canada's Oil and Gas Sector: Potential Standardization-Based Solutions Report submitted to the Standards Council of Canada (SCC) and the Provincial-Territorial Advisory Committee (PTAC)
The study was commissioned by the SCC and PTAC with the following goals: * to review the regulatory environment pertaining to the Oil & Gas industry in western Canada, in order ... more
Author(s): The Centre for Innovative Studies (THECIS)
Website of the Association of Oil & Gas Producers (OGP) - Standards Section From here one can access various reports including a list of ISO standards for the oil and gas industry that have been adopted in American, Asian, European and Middle east countries called "Global standards used locally worldwide", and an extensive catalogue of international standards for the oil ... more
Improving the Efficiency of Public Procurement - The Role of Standards The government has challenged public sector procurement professionals as never before to make savings by improving efficiency. This is not just a matter of encouraging good practice and cutting costs. Ministers want to spend more public money on services without increasing taxes, creating a strong ... more
Faster, Smarter, Better - Using Standards to Tackle the Recession This paper explores how the benefits of standards apply even during an economic downturn. First, it looks at the issues faced, evaluates the contribution of standards and finally sets out the ways in which standards are of actual, practical help.
HIMSS Interoperability and Standards Toolkit The Interoperability & Standards (I&S) Toolkit will help you better navigate through the various standards development organizations (SDOs) and guide you to the tools and resources needed to deploy interoperable healthcare information technology (HIT) systems. It is also intended to highlight the ... more
Standards and Standardization - A List of Books An annotated bibliography for books on Standards and Standardization made available on the Web site of the Society for Standards Professionals (SES).
Standardization in the Information and Communication Technology Fields The Standards Edge series of books provides information on standardization in the information and communication technology fields from a strategic business perspective.
ISO Management Systems A bi-monthly magazine published by ISO between 2001 and 2009, which offers many articles relating the experiences of companies and other organizations that have implemented management system standards, and the benefits they have enjoyed.
SME Case Studies Case studies which show how standardization can benefit small businesses by promoting profitability and sustainable growth, helping firms to boost their productivity and drive down costs.
Do Standards Matter for Export Success? In this paper the authors examine how meeting foreign standards affects firms' export performance, reflected in export propensity and market diversification. The analysis draws on the World Bank Technical Barriers to Trade Survey database of 619 firms in 17 developing countries. The results ... more
Author(s): John S. Wilson, Maggie Chen Xiaoyang, Tsune Otsuki
Review of Developing Country Needs and Involvement in International Standards-Setting Bodies This report aims to review those international standards-setting organisations that are of greatest interest to developing countries and to assess ways in which developing country participation can be enhanced. It focuses on five international standards-setting organisations that are of primary ... more
Author(s): Kerry Preibisch, Oliver Masakure, Spencer Henson
The Cost of Compliance with Product Standards for Firms in Developing Countries: An Econometric Study Standards and technical regulations exist to protect consumer safety or to achieve other goals, such as ensuring the interoperability of telecommunications systems, for example. Standards and technical regulations can, however, raise substantially both start-up and production costs for firms. For ... more
Author(s): John S. Wilson (The World Bank), Keith E. Maskus (University of Colorado, USA), Tsunehiro Otsuki (Osaka University, Japan)
The Economics of Standards: Theory, Evidence, Policy This book provides a comprehensive overview of the important topic of standards, which remains a vastly under-researched field of empirical inquiry. It presents a variety of interesting empirical analyses which reveal the driving forces and the economic impacts of standardization both in the ... more
Author(s): Knut Blind
Development of a social network website using the new ISO/IEC 29110 standard This article presents a software development project carried out by a two-person start-up enterprise. The objective of the project was to develop a social networking website for travelers. The new ISO/IEC 29110 standard developed specifically for very small entities and start-ups was used to ... more
Author(s): Hébert, Charles (Ecole de technologie supérieure, Canada), Laporte, Claude Y. (Ecole de technologie supérieure, Canada), Mineau, Christian (Ecole de technologie supérieure, Canada)
Publisher(s): ASQ
How we develop standards to help business and the economy (Web page of the British Standards Institution - BSI) From this BSI Web page are links to some insightful and short case studies that show how BSI works with stakeholders to develop standards to respond to market needs and to deliver value.
Pallet Standardization GS1 Hong Kong put forth a recommendation to industry to standardize the size of entry pallets into Hong Kong. The main purpose being to contribute to the smooth flow of materials across the supply chain thus facilitating distributors. The recommended dimension is 1200mm by 1000mm 4 ways. Research ... more
Examples of Benefits of Standards to UK Companies, Government and More Concrete examples of benefits to UK companies can be seen on the Website of the British Standards Institution (BSI):
* [] * [] Becoming more ... more