Standardization issues in developing countries and countries in transition

This chapter presents an overview of standardization of countries in transition in different regions of the World. It will then introduce different National Standardization Systems giving Sri Lanka, Indonesia, China and Vietnam as examples. A brief comparison of these four systems is carried out to see the similar difficulties. It will then expand further by examining the benefits of countries in transition when adopting or adapting international standards. Moreover, this chapter also addresses the challenges that countries in transition may be faced in participating in International Organizations for standardization. Later in the chapter, we will discuss the role of the Regional organization and International Organizations in assisting these countries in the work relating to standards. This chapter will be concluded with a brief discussion about the necessity of having education and training in the transition countries to be equivalent with the international standard.
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Keywords:

APEC, APLAC, ASTM, Accreditation, Adopting or adapting international standards, BSN, CASCO, CCC Mark, COPOLCO, Certification, China, Conformity assessment, Developing countries, FDI, HACCP, IEC, IIAC, ISO, ISO 14000, ISO 17025, ISO DEVCO, Indonesia, Inspection bodies, Iso 9000 series, Measurement standards, Metrology, Mutual recognition, National Standards Body, Non-Governmental Organizations, OECD, SADC, SPS, Sri Lanka, TBT, UNIDO, Vietnam, WTO

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Language(s):English
AuthorsAnh, Vu Tuan
Publisher:WilfriedHesser, www.pro-norm.de
First published / Last update: 2006 / 2010
Courses:University program level: Master and Bachelor degree; further education material (self studying material) for experts from industry and policy makers China Jiliang University, Hangzhou, PR of China Helmut Schmidt University, Hamburg, Germany Institut Teknologi Bandung, Bandung, Indonesia National Economics University, Hanoi, Vietnam University of Moratuwa Katubedda, Moratuwa, Sri Lanka Inklaar Consultants, Hamburg, Germany