Economic benefits of standards - International case studies

This book contains a set of 11 case studies from 10 countries about the economic benefits of standards from the point of view of different companies. In the studies a methodology was implemented that had been developed by ISO, with the support of Roland Berger Strategy Consultants, to assess and quantify the economic benefits of standards (the ¿ISO Methodology¿) mainly from a microeconomic perspective.

The studies were undertaken in close cooperation between an ISO member body, an academic institution, a company in the respective country and staff of the ISO Central Secretariat, acting as advisors to the project team. The studies collected were undertaken between around October 2010 and June 2011 in South East Asia (Indonesia, Singapore, Thailand and Vietnam), Southern Africa (Botswana and South Africa), South America (Brazil, Colombia and Peru) and Germany (two studies).

The book can be used in teaching to demonstrate how and for which purposes standards are used by companies and which benefits companies can gain from the implementation of standards.

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Keywords:

Benefits of standards, Companies, Economic benefits, International case studies, Microeconomics

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Language(s):English
AuthorsGerundino, Daniele , Weissinger, Reinhard
Publisher:International Organization for Standardization
First published / Last update: August 2011
Courses:Courses at universities and business schools addressing issues of standardization

Translation of material:

标准的经济效益——全球案例研究

本书分析了第一批来自10个不同国家关于标准经济效益的11个案 例。这些研究案例是ISO成员机构、学术机构、各国公司与ISO中央秘书 处的工作人员密切合作的成果,ISO中央秘书处的工作人员担任项目组顾 问。所收集的案例在2010年10月至2011年6月间实施,涉及以下国家及地 区:东南亚(印度尼西亚、新加坡、泰国和越南)、南部非洲(博茨瓦纳 和南非)、南美(巴西、哥伦比亚和秘鲁)以及欧洲(德国)。其中德国 涉及两项研究,不同于其他案例的是,它们由柏林工业大学的学生以正式课程的形式开展。

每项案例的研究报告均采用类似结构。首先介绍经济背景以及所选 择的公司,分析产业及公司的价值链,其次识别关键价值驱动因素和公 司运行中最易受标准影响的领域,最终确定公司的哪些业务功能应该被列入标准影响评价的范畴。借助营运指标反映该公司所使用标准产生的核心影响,标准的影响及其效益按其对成本节约或收入增加的贡献予以量化,财务上则表现为对公司的息税前利润(Earnings Before Interest and Taxes,EBIT)的贡献。

ISO成员机构负责选择相关的试点公司。选择试点公司的唯一要求是 该公司至少已是多年的标准用户。ISO成员机构与该公司关系良好,以确 保试点公司的核心工作人员能与项目组交流和讨论。

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