Research into international trade frictions and countermeasures

The book contains systematic research into various forms of trade frictions to which China is exposed and into questions on how to counter them. These trade frictions involve anti-dumping, anti-circumvention in anti-dumping, anti-subsidies, safeguard measures and special security measures, technical barriers to trade, the United States "337 survey", etc. The book also studies macro-measures to address trade frictions, the WTO dispute resolution mechanism and cases of disputes, the WTO and China's trade retaliation mechanisms. The study provides evidence that China-foreign trade frictions have evolved from a mere microeconomic level such as company export management models towards macroeconomic aspects based on governmental industry policies, economic systems and development models, from anti-dumping measures resulting from price competition at the center to a parallel implementation of trade relief measures composed of anti-dumping, anti-subsidies, safeguard measures, the "337 survey", technical barriers to trade etc, whereby technical trade barriers related to issues such as product safety and quality assurance, ecology and environmental-friendliness become important forms of trade frictions and trade disputes. The book addresses difficult questions such as the "flawed international rules", which China needs to abide to in order to counteract trade frictions.

Original title: 国际贸易摩擦及应对问题研究

Original abstract:

对我国所遭遇的各种形式的贸易摩擦及应对问题进行了系统研究。这些贸易摩擦涉及反倾销、反倾销中的反规避、反补贴、保障措施与特别保障措施、技术性贸易壁垒、美国“337调查”等。同时还研究了应对贸易摩擦的宏观措施、WTO争端解决机制及相关案例、WTO和中国的贸易报复机制。研究表明中外贸易摩擦已从基于企业出口营销方式等微观层面向基于国家产业政策、经济制度与发展模式等宏观层面发展,从以价格竞争所引发的反倾销措施为主向反倾销、反补贴、保障措施、“337调查”、贸易技术壁垒等各种贸易救济措施并行实施的方向发展,而以产品安全与质量保证、生态和环境友好为核心的贸易技术壁垒将成为贸易摩擦与贸易争端的重要形式。提出对于应对贸易摩擦,中国面临着遵守“有缺陷的国际规则”的棘手问题。

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Keywords:

Anti-subsidies, Antidumping, Countermeasures, Flawed international rules, Friction, Governmental policies, International Trade, WTO

Additional information:

Language(s):Chinese
AuthorsLuan, Xinjie
Publisher:China Renmin University Press
First published / Last update: 2011
Courses:International Trade, Economics, Finance