Demand-side innovation policies are important policy instruments aiming to increase the demand for innovations, to improve the conditions for the uptake of innovations or to improve the articulation of demand (Edler, 2007). Their potential is widely recognised and actively promoted. Famous success stories, where regulation, standards or public procurement played a critical role in spurring innovation, are for example the Internet, the GSM for mobile telephony, aircraft jet engines, high-speed rail technology, or recent eco-innovative developments.
The relevance of demand-side measures is highlighted by the European Commission's "Innovation Union" Communication (EC, 2010), which argues that "the potential of the single market should also be activated through policies that stimulate the demand for innovation", furthermore it says that a "bolder approach associating the supply and demand sides is needed".
In practice, supply-side measures seem still to be the prevailing innovation policy choice. A growing awareness amongst policy makers for the need to better exploit the power of public spending for innovation and the emerged focus on searching solutions to societal challenges might provide, however, a promising basis for the future spread of demand-side innovation policies.
The current report aims:
- to identify the trends in the deployment of demand-side innovation policy at national level in the EU Member States during the period mid-2009 to mid-2011;
- to give an overview on recently introduced demand-side innovation policy measures and to ascertain if there are any observable patterns;
- to provide insights into how demand-side measures are being implemented;
- to analyse governance practices for coordinating between demand-side and supply-side measures.
The trend analysis of demand-side innovation policies covers 31 European countries (EU 27 plus Norway, Iceland, Switzerland and Liechtenstein) and relies to a large extent on the information provided in the "mini country reports" prepared by the TrendChart country correspondent network during the period of June/September 2011.
URL (European Commission)
Demand, Demand-side, Innovation policy, Standardisation processes, Standards, Trends
|Authors||Izsak, Kincsö , Edler, Jakob|
|Keywords:||Demand, Demand-side, Innovation policy, Standardisation processes, Standards, Trends|
|Additional comments:||Thematic Report 2011 under Specific Contract for the Integration of INNO Policy TrendChart with ERAWATCH (2011-2012)|