Flexibility and standardization: Test of a contingency model of product design-manufacturing integration

This article proposes and tests a contingency model of system integration of product design and manufacturing among producers of goods involving tooling development. The model predicts which combinations of organizational and technical practices will be most effective under conditions of high and low design newness. The results, based on data from 74 firms, largely support the model. Differentiating mechanisms, such as a tall hierarchy and job specialization, are negatively associated with design-manufacturing integration, particularly for new designs. Socio-integrative mechanisms, including such flexible practices as cross-functional teaming and collocation, are positively related to design-manufacturing integration for new designs only. However, the use of in-process design controls is positively related to design-manufacturing integration regardless of design newness, which suggests that some modes of standardization may be beneficial even for new designs.

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Keywords:

Cadcam, Integration, Manufacturing, Manufacturing lead times, Manufacturing systems, Product design

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Language(s):English
AuthorsLiker, Jeffrey K. (Industrial and Operations Engineering Faculty, University of Michigan, USA), Collins, Paul D. (University of Washington, Bothel, USA), Hull, Frank M. (School of Graduate Business Administration, Fordham University, New York, USA)
Publisher:Elsevier Science Inc.
Keywords:Cadcam, Integration, Manufacturing, Manufacturing lead times, Manufacturing systems, Product design