Collaborative (Group) Author

Group of contributors credited under a single name; includes an organization credited as a contributor.


This element may contain either a collaboration of individuals or the name of an organization (such as a laboratory, educational institution, corporation, or department) when such as unit acts as a contributor by, for example, authoring the work.

Not to be confused with the element <contrib-group> which is a container element that holds information such as the names and affiliations of a group of individual contributors.


collab-type Type of Collaboration
id Identifier
specific-use Specific Use
xlink:actuate Actuating the Link
xlink:href Href (Linking Mechanism)
xlink:role Role of the Link
xlink:show Showing the Link
xlink:title Title of the Link
xlink:type Type of Link
xmlns:xlink XLink Namespace Declaration
xml:lang Language

Model Description

Any combination of:

This element may be contained in:

<contrib>, <element-citation>, <mixed-citation>, <person-group>, <related-article>, <related-object>

Example 1

Collaboration with internal semantic material tagged:

<contrib contrib-type="author">
<named-content content-type="program">Joint United
Nations Program on HIV/AIDS (UNAIDS)</named-content>,
<institution>World Health Organization</institution>,
Geneva, <country>Switzerland</country>
<contrib contrib-type="author">
<named-content content-type="program">Nonoccupational HIV
PEP Task Force, Brown University AIDS Program</named-content>
and the <institution>Rhode Island Department of
Health</institution>, Providence, Rhode Island</collab>

Example 2

In an element-style bibliographic reference (punctuation and spacing removed):

<ref id="bid.1626">
<collab>The BAC Resource Consortium</collab>
<article-title>Integration of cytogenetic landmarks into
the draft sequence of the human genome</article-title>
<pub-id pub-id-type="pmid">11237021</pub-id>

Example 3

In a mixed-style bibliographic reference (punctuation and spacing preserved):

<ref id="B1"><label>1</label>
<mixed-citation publication-type="book">
<collab>Research Unit of the Royal College
of Physicians and British Geriatric
Society</collab>. <source>Geriatric day
hospitals: their role and guidelines for
good practice</source>.