ISO 16001:2008 specifies general requirements and describes methods for evaluating and testing the performance of hazard detection systems (HDS) and visual aids (VA) used on earth-moving machines. It covers the following aspects: detection of people in the detection zone; visual and/or audible warning(s) to the operator and/or to the persons in the detection zone; operational reliability of the system; compatibility and environmental specifications of the system.
It is applicable to machines as defined in ISO 6165. HDS and/or VA can be used to augment the operator's direct vision (see ISO 5006) or indirect vision using mirrors (see ISO 14401) or to provide additional means of hazard detection, for example, where ergonomic considerations limit the effectiveness of direct vision, e.g. to avoid repeated turning of the head and upper body.